Chapter 17 - Leaving Shanghai
To the traveller, Shanghai offers a unique advantage; the entire world, literally, is open for his selection. He can go to Europe by going West, or he can go to Europe by going East, with distances, time, and cost showing but slight variation. It may be an exaggeration to call Shanghai the "centre of the world" but it looks very much like it on a travel map.
Most Occidentals will recall a youthful legend: "Dig a hole through the earth and you will come out in China." With equal aptness it may be said, "Start out from China and go anywhere you like, in almost any direction." Transportation facilities to any other place in the world are readily available in Shanghai.
Go East or West. A trip to Europe may he made to the West by sea through the Suez Canal or by train through Siberia and Russia; to the East by sea across the Pacific Ocean, overland across the United States or Canada and across the Atlantic, or entirely by sea through the Panama Canal. One can go to London by travelling either West or East; one can go to New York by travelling either East OR West.
Perhaps the world is round after all.
Travelling by sea to the East, Japan and the Hawaiian Islands are on the schedules of most of the liners bound for the Pacific coast of the United States and Canada while ships for Europe going West via the Suez Canal usually call (with some exceptions) at Hongkong, Manila, Saigon, Singapore, Malacca, Penang, Colombo, Aden, Port Said, Naples, Marseilles, Gibraltar, and London. All travel agencies and steamship offices can give detailed advices as to ports of call offered by different services.
Steamship Services to Europe. Herewith are listed some of the services available from Shanghai:
Blue Funnel Line (Butterfield and Swire): Shanghai to London, five weeks; three sailings per month via Hongkong, Singapore, Penang, Colombo, Port Said; first class +88, second class +68-64.
Hamburg-Amerika Line, 20 Canton Road: Shanghai to Hamburg, 35 days by boat to Genoa, 30 hours by train to Hamburg; monthly service via Hongkong, Manila, Straits, Colombo, Port Said, Genoa, Marseilles Barcelona, Rotterdam, Hamburg; cabin class +74.
Java-China-Japan Line, 133 Szechuen Road; main service to Dutch East Indies via Manila, and connecting services with Dutch Mails to Europe, South Africa and Australia.
Lloyd Triestino, 170 Kiangse Road (Hamilton House): Shanghai to Venice, twenty-four days; monthly service via Hongkong, Singapore, Colombo, Bombay, Port Said and Brindisi; first class to Venice +98; second class +68.
Messageries Maritimes (French Mail), 9-10 French Bund: Shanghai to Marseilles, thirty or thirty-two days; fortnightly service via Hongkong, Saigon, Singapore, Colombo, Djibouti, Port Said; first class A grade +98, B grade +94; second class +65.
Nippon Yusen Kaisha (Japanese Mail), 31 The Bund: Shanghai to London, five weeks; fortnightly service via Hongkong, Singapore, Malacca, Penang, Aden, Port Said, Naples, Marseilles, Gibraltar; first class +99, second Sa@npan class +66.
Norddeutscher Lloyd, 210 Kiukiang Road: Shanghai to Hamburg, forty-six days; monthly service via Hongkong, Manila, Singapore, Belawan, Colombo, Port Said, Genoa, Barcelona, Lisbon, Dover, Rotterdam; first class +77, intermediate class +44.
Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Co. (P. and O.), 17 Canton Road (Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co.): Shanghai to Marseilles, thirty days; special P. & 0. express from Marseilles to London, twenty three hours; fortnightly service via Hongkong, Singapore, Penang, Colombo, Bombay, Aden, Port Said, Malta, Marseilles, Gibraltar. Tangier; first class to London +98, second class +68.
Dollar Steamship Line, 51 Canton Road: Around the world service, West-bound; Shanghai to New York, fifty-six days; fortnightly service via Manila, Singapore, Penang, Colombo, Bombay, Port Said, Alexandria, Naples, Genoa, Marseilles; first class +127, tourist class +82. (From New York one may complete the trip around the world back to Shanghai by way of Havana, the Panama Canal, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Honolulu, and Japan).
To Europe Overland. In going to Europe via Siberia one may travel by steamship to Dairen, where train connections are made for Moscow. The sea voyage requires two days and the ships call at Tsingtao. First class fare to Dairen is $900 second class $60.
Going to Europe direct by rail one must go first to Harbin, fare $144 (Mex.) from Shanghai. From Harbin to Moscow fare is U.S. $146. Twelve days are required for the trip from Shanghai to Moscow. From Moscow to Berlin will cost U.S. $22, two days; from Berlin to Paris is a day and costs U.S. $10.
To U.S.A. and Canada. Trans-Pacific services from Shanghai to the United States and Canada, whence transcontinental rail and trans-Atlantic connections to Europe may be made, are available as follows:
American Mail Line (Dollar), 51 Canton Road: fortnightly direct to Victoria (Vancouver) and Seattle via Japan, fourteen days; first class U.S. $331, second class U.S. $185.
Canadian Pacific, 4 The Bund: Shanghai to America and Canada, fortnightly service direct to Victoria and Vancouver, via Japan, 15 days; fortnightly service to Victoria and Vancouver, via Honolulu, 18 days; first class U.S. $331-356, tourist class U.S. $185-215.
Dollar Line, 51 Canton Road: Shanghai to San Francisco, fortnightly service to San Francisco via Japan and Honolulu, 15 to 17 days; first class U.S. $346-356, special class U.S. $185-215.
Nippon Yusen Kaisha, 31 The Bund: Shanghai to San Francisco via Japan and Honolulu, eighteen days; first class U.S. $356, second class U.S. $215; Shanghai to Los Angeles, 21 days; first class U.S. $356, second class U.S. $220; Shanghai to Seattle direct, via Japan, 12 days from Yokohama (fare from Shanghai to Yokohama, and hotel expenses paid by steamship company), first class U.S. $290, second class U.S. $150.
States Steamship) Co., 170 Kiangse Road, Hamilton House; service every three weeks to Pacific Coast ports via Japan, direct from Yokohama; 19 days to San Francisco, U.S. $198; 21 days to Portland, U.S. $208; one class only.
Australia and New Zealand.-Japan and Shanghai passengers for Australian-Oriental Line travel by Canadian Pacific and Dollar Line to Hongkong. Those booked for Eastern and Australian S.S. Co., Ltd., and Nippon Yusen Kaisha can also avail themselves of passage by any line to Hongkong at the steamship company's option. Passengers booked on N.Y.K. line can proceed from Shanghai to Nagasaki to join steamer instead of changing at Hongkong. The three lines each have monthly services to Sydney and Melbourne; fares from Shanghai to Sydney, connecting in Hongkong, +53 first class, +33 second class; from Shanghai via Japan first class +56, second class +35-10; from Shanghai to Melbourne, connecting at Hongkong, +54 first class, +34-5 second class; from Shanghai via Japan, first class +57-5, second class +37-5; 18 days to Australia when connecting at Hongkong, 31 days from Shanghai via Japan. Fares from Australia to New Zealand are +10 first class, +8 second class, two days.
Australian Oriental Line (Butterfield and Swire); Eastern and Australian Steamship Co., 17 Canton Road (Mackinnon, Mackenzie & Co.); Nippon Yusen Kaisha, 31 The Bund.
Coast and River Routes. Shanghai is the centre of an extremely active coastwise and river trade. Steamers depart almost daily for Canton, Swatow, Wenchow and Amoy, to the South; and for Chefoo, Tsingtao, Tientsin, Newchwang and Dairen, to the North.
The mighty Yangtsze provides a splendid waterway into Central China. Hankow is accessible by large steamers at all seasons, while smaller craft proceed many hundreds of miles farther into the interior.
Distances from Shanghai. By nautical miles from Shanghai to:
North: Tsingtao 400 Weihaiwei 480 Chefoo 520 Dairen 560 Newchwang 700 Tientsin 730 Korea: Cheniulpo 503 Gensan 784 Formosa: Tamsui 453 Japan: Nagasaki 450 Moji-Shinionoseki 550 Kobe 760 Yokohama 1,100 South: Niligpo 136 Wenchow 344 Fooehow 440 Amoy 600 Swatow 730 Hongkong 850 Kwangehowwan 1,080 Haiphong 1,335 Saigon 1,780 (East Indian Ports) (Via Hongkong): Manila 1,493 Manila (direct) 1,162 Singapore 2,293 Penang 2,600 Batavia 2,825 Rangoon 3,300 Siberia: Vladivostok 1,000 Arabia: Aden 6,000 Africa: Zanzibar 6,476 Alexandria 7,600 Capetown 8,320 Australia & New Zealand: Brisbane 4,955 Sydney 5,429 Melbourne 6,005 Auckland (N.Z.) 6,693 Pacific Islands: Honolulu 4,409 Suva 5,385 American Ports West Coast: Seattle 5,289 Victoria 5,230 San Francisco 5,491 Los Angeles 5,673 Panama 9,120 Valparaiso 11,149 American Ports: East Coast Via Via Suez Panama New York 12,405 10,684 Quebec 12,177 11,720 N. Orleans 13,650 9,998 India: Colombo 3,900 Calcutta 4,067 Madras 4,450 Bombay 4,753 Karachi 5,236 Europe: Athens 7,963 Constantinople 8,084 Brindisi 8,218 Odessa 8,248 Genoa 8,739 Marseilles 8,800 Barcelona 8,888 Gibraltar 9,199 Cherbourg 10,330 Southampton 10,342 Liverpool 10,504 London 10,541 Antwerp 10,721 Rotterdam 10,746 Hamburg 10,968 Bergen 11,147 Gothenburg 11,120 Copenhagen 11,252 Leningrad 11,82,3 Via Via Suez Panama Havana 13,165 9,699 Trinidad 12,530 9,820 Rio de Janeiro 14,450 13,670