Population in the 1840s
"The foreign population of the Settlement gradually increased. In 1844 it was 50, in the following year, 90, and after five years it had grown to 175. In addition there was a floating population, consisting of the men on shore from the ships in harbour." - F.L. Hawks Potts
According to the 1915 census the total population of the International Settlement as 638,920 of whom 620,401 were Chinese and 18,519 foreigners. The figures for the French Concession were: Chinese residents 146,595, and foreign residents 2,405. The total for the two Settlements was 787,920. Including Chinese living in the adjoining districts, the population of Shanghai was about 1,500,000. Among the foreign residents, more than thirty nations were represented. The totals of the different foreign nationalities are as follows:
The 1920 census showed a further increase over 1915. The foreign population was 23,307 and the Chinese 759,839. In the foreign community, the principal increase was in the number of Japanese and Americans.
The 1925 census showed a big growth in population over the previous five years. The total number of foreign residents in 1925 was 29,947 as against 23,307 in 1920, and the number of Chinese residents was 810,299 as against 759,839 in 1920. In the French Concession the population was foreigners 7,811 and Chinese 297,072.
There was a big increase in the number of Germans and of Russians. The Japanese were by now the largest group of foreigners, numbering 13,804 as against 10,215 in 1920. The British and Portuguese remained stationary, while the number of Americans declined.
Foreigners in ShanghaiFigures from Lynne Pan
1910 - 11,497